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What are some injuries that occur during birth?

Pittsburgh residents who are awaiting the birth of a child are filled with excitement. The birth of a child is one of the most joyous occasions for a family. Usually the birth goes as planned but birth injuries do occur during the delivery process. There are several birth injuries that can occur.

The use of forceps can create a birth injury. Forceps are used to guide the baby out when the baby isn’t progressing. A forceps delivery can cause injuries to both the mom and baby. Mom’s injuries can include genital tears, uterine rupture, difficulty urinating and injuries to the bladder. Baby’s injuries can be bleeding within the skull, skull fracture, seizures and facial palsy.

Another injury can be cerebral palsy. Cerebral palsy is a movement disorder that is the result of damage to a developing brain. Cerebral palsy can develop during pregnancy and can also be the result of lack of oxygen during labor and delivery. There are different degrees of cerebral palsy and movement and coordination are typically affected. Kids can have difficulty walking, sucking, eating, delays in motor skills, seizures, difficulty with vision and many other complications.

Brachial plexus injuries such as Erb’s palsy also can occur. We discussed this injury previously in our blog. Also, a difficult delivery can result in bone fractures typically to the collarbone. Many other birth injuries can occur due to a medical professional’s neglect.

Birth injuries occur when there is a failure to monitor the mother and baby during labor and delivery. The medical staff doesn’t properly respond to a condition such as high blood pressure, not performing a necessary caesarian section, using the forceps or vacuum incorrectly and other circumstances.

Source: Mayo Clinic, “Forceps delivery,” accessed Oct. 21, 2014