Nursing home residents often have medical conditions that make it difficult to move about like they once did. For those individuals, the lack of mobility can lead to problems. In some cases, nursing home residents might suffer from bedsores. Understanding some basic points about bedsores can help people who have a loved one in a nursing home know how to handle these issues.
#1: Bedsores are staged according to severity
Medical professionals stage bedsores depending on how serious the damage is. Stage I is the least severe and encompasses only superficial damage. Stage IV is the most severe and includes damage to deep tissues and tissues near the wound. Some bedsores are unstageable because typical markers used for staging are missing.
#2: Bedsores are a sign of negligence
Bedsores are a sign that a nursing home resident is suffering from negligence or even abuse. Medical professionals and caregivers who work at the nursing home should evaluate residents for bedsores. This is especially true for those who are unable to move about freely on their own. Residents who have bedsores due to negligence or abuse might opt to seek compensation.
#3: Several factors can lead to bedsores
Several factors, including constant pressure on the skin, can lead to bedsores. Shearing motions and friction, such as what occurs during inappropriate transfer techniques, also leads to bedsores if the motion occurs on a regular basis.
#4: Treatment takes a while for severe bedsores
The treatment for lower stage pressure sores is much less invasive than treatment for higher level pressure sores. Medications and dressings are often effective for minor bedsores. More severe bedsores might require surgery, tissue removal via debriding or other similar methods. The more serious the bedsore, the more likely the treatment necessary will be invasive.
#5: Complications are possible
Bedsores can lead to serious complications. Cellulitis and infection are possible. Sepsis is another complication that might occur. Sepsis is a reaction to a bacterial infection. The infection often enters through the open tissue in the bedsore. Sepsis can cause organ failure and lead to septic shock. Treatment for sepsis requires an admission into the hospital, usually in an intensive care unit.
#6: Preventing bedsores is possible
Bedsores are preventable with proper care. Residents who aren't mobile must be repositioned on a regular basis so that the pressure from the body doesn't remain on the same spot of the body. Moving patients from the bed to a wheelchair or a wheelchair to a bed must follow specific procedures to avoid causing conditions that can lead to bedsores.